History of HCOJ

On 13 June 1997, the Georgian Parliament adopted the Organic Law on Common Courts. The Law envisaged an important innovation: it created a consultative body to the President of Georgia – the High Council of Justice. The High Council of Justice was entrusted with tasks such as appointment and dismissal of judges, organization of judicial qualification examinations, elaboration of judicial reform proposals, and performance of other tasks envisaged by the Law.

By Resolution of the Georgian Parliament No. 868-IS dated 17 December 1997, Mikheil Saakashvili, member of the High Council of Justice, was appointed Chairperson of the High Council of Justice.

The Council consisted of 12 members, including 3 judges. The following persons were ex officio members of the Council: Chairman of the Supreme Court of Georgia, Chairman of the High Court of the Achara Autonomous Republic, Chairman of the High Court of the Abkhazia Autonomous Republic, 4 members elected by the Georgian Parliament of whom the number of Members of Parliament should have been no more than 3, 4 members appointed by the President of Georgia and 1 member appointed by the Supreme Court of Georgia.

Legislative amendments enacted on 30 June 2004 determined the Council’s composition to be 9 members without, however, changing the number of the judicial members of the Council. By virtue of these amendments, ex officio members of the Council were: Chairman of the Supreme Court of Georgia, Chairman of the High Court of the Achara Autonomous Republic, Chairman of the Abkhazia Autonomous Republic, Chairman of the Parliamentary Legal Affairs Committee, 2 members elected by the Georgian Parliament of whom the number of Members of Parliament should have been no more than 1, and 2 members appointed by the President.

Legislative amendments adopted on 25 November 2005 redefined the Council membership with 18 members of whom 8 members were elected among judges of Georgian common courts by the Conference of Judges of Georgia at the recommendation of the Chairman of the Supreme Court.

The Council included the following ex officio members: Chairman of the Supreme Court, Minister of Justice, Prosecutor-General, Chairman of the Parliamentary Legal Affairs Committee, 4 members elected by the Parliament of whom the number of Members of Parliament should have been no more than 3 and 2 members appointed by the President.

Legislative amendments of 25 May 2006 newly defined the Council membership with 19 members. The Prosecutor-General was excluded from the Council membership and the number of judicial members of the Council was increased to 9 members.

Ex officio members of the Council were: Chairman of the Supreme Court, Minister of Justice, Chairman of the Parliamentary Legal Affairs Committee, 5 members elected by the Parliament of whom the number of Members of Parliament should have been no more than 4 and 2 members appointed by the President.

Legislative amendments enacted on 27 December 2006 and in June 2007 were a turning point for the High Council of Justice: its status and functions were redefined creating more guarantees for the independence of the Council and, accordingly, of the judiciary as a whole. By these amendments, the status of the Council and principles on which its membership is based are fully consistent with the general principles laid down by the European Charter on the Statute for Judges.

According to the amendments, the Council now consists of 15 members. The Council is now chaired by the Chairman of the Supreme Court of Georgia and not the President of Georgia. Common courts are represented in the Council by the Chairman of the Supreme Court an 8 members elected by Conference of Judges of Georgia, including the Secretary of the High Council of Justice (more than a half of the Council’s total composition). The Parliament’s quota is 4 members of whom the Chairman of the Parliamentary Legal Affairs Committee is an ex officio member of the Council. President ofGeorgia is represented in the Council by 2 members appointed by him.

Since 2008, within the Parliamentary quota, membership of a parliamentary opposition representative into the Council is mandatory, which makes the activity of the High Council of Justice even more transparent.

On November 1, 2013, according to the implemented legal changes High Council of Justice of Georgia is composed of 15 members. 8 members of them are elected by self-governing body of Judges, 5 members of them are elected by the Parliament of Georgia and 1 member of them is elected by the President f Georgia. Chairperson of High Council of Justice of Georgia is the Chairperson of Supreme Court who is the member of High Council of Justice by officio.

Effectively, the High Council of Justice of Georgia has turned into an independent body promoting and defending interests of both the judiciary as a whole and individual judges functioning within the ambit of enhancing independence of the judiciary and developing effective administration of justice.


Former members:

  • Abashidze Zurab (Secretary of the Council)
  • Adeishvili Zurab
  • Adeishvili Irakli
  • Anjaparidze Kakhaber
  • Bezhashvili Levan
  • Bokeria Giga
  • Gelbakhiani Valeri
  • Getsadze Gia (Secretary of the Council)
  • Guruli Malkhaz
  • Giligashvili Roland
  • Gvaramia Nika
  • Gotsiridze Eva
  • Davitashvili Koba
  • Demetrashvili Avtandil
  • Diasamidze Nodar
  • Zodelava Murtaz
  • Tordia Vakhtang
  • Kalandadze Nino
  • Kopaleishvili Maia
  • Kemularia Konstantine
  • Kublashvili Pavle
  • Kalandadze Lasha
  • Koberidze Kakha
  • Laliashvili Nikoloz
  • Lezhava Paata
  • Loladze Besik
  • Mamaladze Mamuka
  • Minashvili Akaki
  • Mumladze Davit (Secretary of the Council)
  • Murusidze Levan
  • Ninidze Tedo
  • Obgaidze Giorgi
  • Paichadze Gocha
  • Papuashvili Giorgi
  • Zhgenti Ramazi
  • Saakashvili Mikheil
  • Sichinava Otar
  • Sulkhanishvili Maia
  • Tkeshelashvili Ekaterine
  • Ugrekhelidze Mindia
  • Phkhakadze Mamia
  • Kavtaradze Gia (Secretary of the Council)
  • Kurdadze Irina
  • Kutsnashvili Zakaria
  • Shavgulidze Shalva
  • Sharmanashvili Tengiz
  • Shengelaia Otar
  • Chinchaladze Mikheil
  • Tsertsvadze Mariam
  • Tsertsvadze Valeri (Secretary of the Council)
  • Chanturia Lado
  • Khetsuriani Joni
  • Khizanishvili Giorgi
  • Khmaladze Vakhtang
  • Jorbenadze Omar